The driver of the Chevrolet, Justin Dwayne Smith, 25, was transported to St. Elizabeth hospital with serious injuries. Staff reportAn early-morning wreck Thursday in Hardin County sent a Silsbee man to the hospital with serious injuries. The Texas Department of Public Safety said Troopers responded to a multiple-vehicle crash on U.S. 96, about five miles north of Silsbee, at 4:15 a.m.Initial reports indicate that a Mack garbage truck was traveling northbound on U.S. 96 when it was rear-ended by a 2011 Chevrolet Camaro. The driver of the Mack garbage truck was not injured.
Thursday, September 12, 2013 – 2:00pm -3:30pmCommunity College of VT (CCV) – 1 Abenaki Way, Winooski, VTSpectrum Youth & Family Services will host a table at CCV Winooski. When and Where: Friday, September 6 ‘ 5:00pm – 8:00pmCity Market – 82 S. Winooski Avenue, Burlington, VTThe Community Health Center of Burlington will host a table outside of City Market. Saturday, September 7 ‘7:00am ‘ 10:00pmOld Home Days – 169 Main Street, Plainfield, VTThe People’s Health & Wellness Clinic will host a table at Plainfield’s Old Home Days. Thursday, September 12, 2013 ‘ 5:30pm ‘ 6:30pmCharleston Elementary School – 255 Center School Road, West Charleston, VTNorth Country Hospital will host a table at the Charleston Elementary School Resource Fair. Saturday, September 7 ‘ 11:00am – 2:00pmBay Park – 596 Lake Road, St. Albans, VTThe Champlain Office of Economic Opportunity will host a table at the St. Albans Town Celebration. Thursday, September 12, 2013 ‘ 8:30am – 10:00amMt. Snow Resort – 39 Mount Snow Road, West Dover, VTThe Vermont Chamber of Commerce and the Mt. Snow Valley Regional Chamber of Commerce are co-hosting a forum for small businesses. Tuesday, September 10, 2013- 7:30am – 9:00amBrattleboro Retreat -75 Linden Street, Brattleboro, VTThe Vermont Chamber of Commerce and the Brattleboro Area Chamber of Commerce are co-hosting a forum for small businesses. Tuesday, September 10, 2013- 7:30am – 9:00amMarty’s 1st Stop – 421 Rt. 2 E., Danville, VT 05828The Vermont Campaign for Health Care Security will host a table in front of Marty’s 1st Stop. Wednesday, September 11, 2013 – 4:00pm – 7:30 pmKellogg Hubbard Library – 135 Main Street, Montpelier, VTThe Vermont Campaign for Health Care Security is hosting a table in front of the library. Thursday, September 12, 2013 ‘ 10:00am – 11:30amRiver Arts – 74 Pleasant Street, Morrisville, VTThe Lamoille Region Chamber of Commerce is hosting a forum for small businesses. The Vermont Health Connect Navigators will be available at upcoming events to talk to Vermonters about the new health coverage options coming this fall. More than 200 Navigators are available in communities throughout the state to help Vermonters learn more, enroll in a plan, and access financial help through Vermont Health Connect. Small employers and their employees can also turn to Navigators for help in determining their best health coverage options.Opening this October, Vermont Health Connect will offer a new way for Vermonters to find a health plan that fits their needs and budget. Vermonters will be able to compare plans side-by-side, determine if they are eligible for public plans and, for many, access financial help to lower the cost of their plans. Assistance is available on-line, by phone, or in-person. More information about the Navigators is available at www.vermonthealthconnect.gov(link is external).Who: Vermont Health Connect Navigators Thursday, September 12 – 8:00am ‘ 9:00pm and Friday, September 13 -7:00am ‘ 9:00pmTunbridge World’s Fair ‘ Route 110, Tunbridge, VTNavigators from the Vermont Coalition of Clinics for the Uninsured, Community Action Council, and Gifford Medical Center are hosting a table at the Tunbridge World’s Fair. Saturday, September 7 ‘ 11:00am – 2:00pmCity Market – 82 S. Winooski Avenue, Burlington, VTThe Community Health Center of Burlington will host a table outside of City Market. Wednesday, September 11, 2013 – 12:00pm – 1:30 pmO’Brien Community Center – 32 Malletts Bay Avenue, Winooski, VTThe Fletcher Allen Health Assistance Program is providing a healthy lunch and an overview of Vermont Health Connect. Thursday, September 12 and Friday, September 13, 2013 ‘10:00 am – 1:00 pmVBSR Office – 255 S. Champlain Street, Burlington, VTThe Vermont Businesses for Social Responsibility (VBSR) Navigators are hosting their Open Office Hours series for individuals and employers. Wednesday, September 11, 2013 – 12:00pm – 1:30 pmWebinar – https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/4501872647316391424(link is external)VPIRG, Navigators and State staff are facilitating the Enrolling Your Community in Vermont Health Connect webinar for anyone interested in Vermont Health Connect. Friday, September 6 ‘ 4:00pm – 9:00pmSEABA Building – 404 Pine Street, Burlington, VTPPNNE will host a table at the South End Art Hop event. Friday, September 13, 2013 ‘10:00am – 3:00pmBennington Car Show – Willow Park, Bennington, VTThe Bennington Area Chamber of Commerce is hosting a booth at the Bennington Car Show.
A police motorcycle escorted the participants in the bike parade down Mission Road.Unseasonably cool weather was a welcome backdrop to the 20th annual installment of Villagefest, Prairie Village’s family-centered Fourth of July celebration. And while the cloudy skies may have made the water features — including a huge slip ‘n slide down the Harmon Park hill — somewhat less appealing than on a typical scorching July morning, they did little to dampen enthusiasm.Register to continue
CBS:The current media coverage on natural disasters like superstorm Sandy can show some devastating and frightening images, especially for young children. A new study shows that children who have anxiety may be more susceptible to developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) just by watching disaster coverage on TV.Previous research has suggested that there is a link between watching traumatic events on TV like 9/11 or Hurricane Katrina and PTSD. PTSD symptoms can include hyperarousal, feeling tense, anxious worrying that the significant event will happen again, re-experiencing the event and being “keyed-up” tense.Read the whole story: CBS More of our Members in the Media >
LinkedIn Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Pinterest Share Email Most people feel down, tired and inactive when they’re injured or ill. This “sickness behaviour” is caused by the activation of the body’s immune response. It’s the brain’s way of conserving energy so the body can heal.This immune response can also occur in people with depression. This has prompted some researchers and clinicians to hypothesise that depression is actually a side effect of the inflammatory process.But while there may be a connection between inflammation and depression, one doesn’t necessarily lead to the other. So it’s too simplistic to say depression is a physical, rather than a psychiatric, illness. The inflammation hypothesisUniversity of California clinical psychologist and researcher George Slavich is one of the key recent proponents of depression as a physical illness. He hypothesises that social threats and adversity trigger the production of pro-inflammatory “cytokines”. These are messenger molecules of the immune system that play a critical role in orchestrating the host’s response to injury and infection.This inflammatory process, Slavich argues, can initiate profound behavioural changes, including the induction of depression.The idea that the activation of the immune response may trigger depression in some people is by no means a new one. Early descriptions of post-influenza depression appeared in the 19th century in the writings of English physician Daniel Tuke.But it was not until the 1988 seminal paper, published by veterinarian Benjamin Hart, that the phenomenon of acute “sickness behaviour” caught the interest of the scientific community.Hart described his detailed observations of the “behaviour of sick animals”. During acute infection, and in response to fever, the animals sought sleep, lost their appetite, showed a reduction in activity, grooming and social interactions, as well as showing signs of “depression”.Just like the immune response itself, these changes reflect an evolved survival strategy that shifts priorities toward energy conservation and recovery.Putting the theory into practiceCytokine-induced sickness behaviour has subsequently been studied as an example of communication between the immune system and the brain.The behavioural changes during sickness resemble those associated with depression, so it didn’t take long for researchers to make a connection between the phenomenon of sickness behaviour and mental disorders.Such speculation was strengthened by research showing that depressive states can be experimentally induced by administering cytokines and other immunogenic agents (such as vaccines) that cause an inflammatory response.Depression is frequently associated with inflammatory illnesses such as heart disease and rheumatoid arthritis. It’s also a side effect of treatment with cytokines to enhance the immune system.Over recent decades, researchers have made progress in understanding how inflammation may impact on the activity of signalling pathways to and from the brain, as well as on the functioning of key neural systems involved in mood regulation.But there’s not always a linkFrom the available evidence it’s clear, however, that not everyone who suffers from depression has evidence of inflammation. And not all people with high levels of inflammation develop depression.Trajectories of depression depend on a complex interplay of a spectrum of additional risk and resilience factors, which may be present to varying degrees and in a different combination in any individual at different times. These factors include the person’s:genetic vulnerabilities affecting the intensity of our inflammatory responseother medical conditionsacquired hyper-vigilance in the stress response systems due to early life trauma, current adversities, or physical stressorscoping strategies, including social supporthealth behaviours, such as sleep, diet and exercise.Implications for treatmentIn line with the notion that inflammation drives depression, some researchers have already trialled the effectiveness of anti-inflammatory therapy as a treatment for depression.While some recipients (such as those with high levels of inflammation) showed benefit from the treatment, others without increased inflammation did not. This supports the general hypothesis.However, in our desire to find more effective treatments for depression, we should not forget that the immune response, including inflammation, has a specific purpose. It protects us from infection, disease and injury.Cytokines act at many different levels, and often in subtle ways, to fulfil their numerous roles in the orchestration of the immune response. Undermining their vital role could have negative consequences.Mind versus bodyThe recent enthusiasm to embrace inflammation as the major culprit in psychiatric conditions ignores the reality that “depression” is not a single condition. Some depressive states, such as melancholia, are diseases; some are reactions to the environment; some are existential; and some normal.Such separate states have differing contributions of biological, social and psychological causes. So any attempt to invoke a single all-explanatory “cause” should be rejected. Where living organisms are concerned it is almost never that simple.In the end, we cannot escape the reality that changes must occur at the level of the brain, in regions responsible for mood regulation, for “depression” to be experienced.By Ute Vollmer-Conna, UNSW Australia and Gordon Parker, UNSW AustraliaUte Vollmer-Conna is Associate Professor, School of Psychiatry at UNSW Australia.Gordon Parker is Scientia Professor at UNSW Australia.This article was originally published on The Conversation.Read the original article.
Today the Hong Kong Centre for Health Protection (CHP) reported 10 additional cases of H7N9 avian flu, all in men, including 2 deaths.The illnesses were reported by mainland officials from Jun 16 to 22 and are 5 more than the center reported last week.Nine out of the 10 patients had known exposure to live poultry or poultry markets. The men’s ages range from 31 to 79, and the cases are reported from a wide swath of China, including two each in Beijing and Sichuan, and one each in Anhui, Guizhou, Hebei, Jiangsu, and Tianjin provinces and in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.The CHP said the newest cases should promote strict hygiene practices.”Travellers to the Mainland or other affected areas must avoid visiting wet markets, live poultry markets or farms.” the CHP cautions. “They should also avoid purchasing live or freshly slaughtered poultry, and avoid touching poultry/birds or their droppings. They should strictly observe personal and hand hygiene when visiting any place with live poultry.”High-path outbreak in poultryIn related news, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) confirmed today that highly pathogenic H7N9 caused a poultry outbreak in China’s Heilongjiang province.The outbreak involved 20,150 sick birds, 19,500 deaths, and 16,610 destroyed birds among a flock of 36,111 birds, for an apparent mortality rate of 54% and a case-fatality rate of 97%. The poultry farm is located in the northeastern part of China.China first detected highly pathogenic H7N9 in poultry in February, in birds in Guangdong province’s live-poultry markets.Resistance in macaquesFinally today, a recent study in the Journal of Infectious Diseases showed that immunocompromised macaques were more likely to develop treatment-resistant strains of H7N9 avian flu even after receiving high doses of antivirals.The research adds to the growing understanding of antiviral resistance to H7N9.To conduct the study, researchers infected healthy and immunocompromised macaques with H7N9 virus and treated them with oseltamivir (Tamiflu). The immunocompromised monkeys had higher morbidity and mortality than their healthy peers, and while oseltamivir treatment at two different doses reduced A(H7N9) virus titers in all infected animals, it did not sufficiently suppress the virus to prevent the emergence of resistant variants.See also:Jun 23 CHP reportJun 23 OIE China reportJun 21 J Infect Dis study
Naphthoquine-azithromycin shows efficacy against malaria in phase 3 trialA phase 3 clinical trial involving 531 people living along the China-Myanmar border has shown that the antimalarial-antibacterial drug combination naphthoquine-azithromycin (NQAZ) is effective in preventing malarial Plasmodium infections.Plasmodium species are parasites that spread bacteria to vertebrates via blood-sucking insects such as mosquitoes. The trial, published yesterday in Clinical Infectious Diseases, found that only 3 of 319 volunteers (0.9%) in the group receiving NQAZ tablets tested positive for falciparum malaria on blood smear, versus 46 of 312 (14.7%) in the placebo group.In an intent-to-treat analysis, single-dose monthly NQAZ had a prophylactic effectiveness of 93.6% against malarial Plasmodium (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.7% to 95.5%). A per-protocol analysis showed that NQAZ had 93.0% effectiveness (95% CI, 91.0% to 95.1%).NQAZ prevented 100% of infections from relapsing malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax and P ovale. Among subjects receiving NQAZ, 5.6% had short-term elevations of liver transaminases (indicating liver damage), compared with 2.2% of the placebo group (P > 0.05).”Monthly prophylaxis with NQAZ tablets was well tolerated and highly effective for preventing Plasmodium infections,” they wrote. “It may prove useful for eliminating P. vivax in areas with a high prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in the population,” a condition that causes red blood cells to rupture and die.Jul 20 Clin Infect Dis abstract WHO: global flu levels low for this time of yearGlobal flu activity is lower than expected for this time of year, and the flu season hasn’t started in the Southern Hemisphere, which is in the midst of its winter season, the World Health Organization (WHO) said yesterday in a regular update. It included the caveats that the COVID-19 pandemic may be affecting health behaviors and testing capacity.Sporadic flu detections were reported in the Caribbean and Central American regions, though severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) activity is elevated in some countries, which likely reflects COVID-19 activity.Tropical parts of South America and Africa also reported sporadic flu cases, but no flu detections were reported in Southern Asia or Southeast Asia. In the Northern Hemisphere, flu remained at interseasonal levels.New Zealand reports slight increases in flulike illness and SARI for June, but flu positives were low for this time of year, with other respiratory viruses such as rhinovirus found in tested samples.Of specimens tested through roughly the last part of June and into the first week of July, 43 were positive for flu, with influenza A and influenza B equally represented. The one subtyped influenza A virus was 2009 H1N1.Jul 20 WHO global flu update
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Image: Pacific NorthWest LNG The leadership of Fort Nelson First Nation, Prophet River First Nation and West Moberly First Nations said they are astounded by the province of British Columbia’s deal with Petronas, for the company’s proposed Pacific NorthWest LNG development on the West Coast.“In yet another example of the province ignoring First Nations’ constitutionally-protected rights, at no point were the Treaty 8 First Nations consulted on the project development agreement or the long-term royalty agreement,” the First Nations said in a joint statement.The agreements are intended to secure a positive final investment decision on the Pacific NorthWest LNG export facility.If that facility is built, it will cause significant and irreparable harm to the ability of Treaty 8 First Nations to practice their Treaty rights, the statement said.The trillions of cubic feet of natural gas used to supply Pacific NorthWest LNG will be extracted by Progress Energy Canada from the Montney gas play in northeast BC and Treaty 8 Territory. That area is already suffering extreme and unsustainable cumulative impacts from existing oil-and-gas and other industrial development, stands in the statement.“To feed the Pacific NorthWest LNG facility, Progress Energy will need to drill thousands of new wells and install huge amounts of infrastructure, including roads, pipelines, and gas plants. Those activities will have serious adverse impacts on our lands, waters, animals, and other resources. They will compromise our territory and treaty rights for generations,” Treaty 8 First Nations said.They claim the government of British Columbia has never consulted Treaty 8 First Nations about the potential impacts such an LNG project and the related upstream development could have on their rights under Treaty No. 8.The BC government has not been transparent about the nature, degree, scope, and duration of the impacts from extraction activities in Treaty 8 territory throughout the life cycle of the proposed project, according to the statement.These Treaty 8 nations are not opposed to sustainable and responsible natural resource development but stress that they have to be fully informed and involved in the decisions that will determine the future of their territory.First Nations claim the Government cannot put oil and gas companies before treaty rights and traditional way of life.“British Columbia must meaningfully consult and accommodate these Treaty 8 First Nations on such important decisions and all other aspects of this proposed project that could impact our rights,” they said.First Nations concluded that the focus cannot be placed only on the plant site ignoring the upstream developments. Failure to meaningfully consult Treaty 8 First Nations will only lead to more uncertainty in northeast BC.