Some doctors require women to listen to their fetus’ heartbeat, or look at ultrasound images before they agree to provide them with information on seeking an abortion abroad. Most women travel to France or Spain for the procedure, which will often cost them hundreds, in some cases thousands, in travel expenses and extra fees.Last year, some 124 Andorran women got abortions in Catalonia’s private and public health centers, according Catalonia’s ministry of health. Data is not available for France, and Andorra does not collect statistics about women who leave the country to end their pregnancies.A general view of the border between Spain and Andorra. Potential legal repercussions of getting an abortion can easily be avoided — it’s only a short distance to France or Spain, where the treatment is legal | David Ramos/Getty ImagesThe women make their journeys discreetly. “In Andorra, these things aren’t usually talked about,” said Tatiana Navarro, an Andorran journalist.Joana Ferreira, a 16-year-old activist, said her friend described the experience of seeking an abortion abroad as “cold.” “She didn’t have help from anyone,” Ferreira said. “She had to go the clinic alone.”The silence surrounding abortion in Andorra creates uncertainty over what, exactly, is legal.Eric Sylvestre, an Andorran doctor who supports legalizing abortion, said it’s unclear whether doctors can be punished for giving advice on abortion or recommending a woman visit a particular clinic abroad. Speaking to a group of activists on a recent Saturday, Mendoza pulled up a PowerPoint slide, eliciting laughs and cheers from the audience. Above the faces of nine of Andorra’s most powerful men — including members of the church and of parliament — Mendoza had written in bolded letters, Camps de nabs — “sausage fest.”In the hilltop Pyrenean country, the Catholic Church holds great sway | David Ramos/Getty ImagesMendoza pointed to a picture of Bishop Joan Enric Vives Sicília, who together with the president of France, currently Emmanuel Macron, is one of the country’s two “co-princes.”“This is the man who said we were the venom poisoning the tree of the institution,” she said.“If we don’t have a little bit of humor here, we can’t survive.” * * *For women living in Andorra, the process of arranging an abortion is often traumatic — and expensive. ENCAMP, Andorra — There were no demonstrations in Andorra, until feminist campaigners took to the streets.For decades, the mountaintop microstate was synonymous with winter sports and tax-free shopping — not political protests. Wedged between Spain and France, the independent principality, one of the world’s smallest countries, has largely been spared the mass social movements that have rocked its neighbors.The country’s women’s rights campaigners want to change that — they’re pushing to overturn Andorra’s strict abortion law, which forces women seeking to terminate their pregnancies to seek treatment outside the country. In Andorra, which is not a member of the European Union, the “right to life” is enshrined in the constitution. Abortions are illegal in all circumstances, even when the woman’s life is at risk.Women who receive an abortion within the country’s borders can face up to six months of house arrest; doctors who perform the procedure can be sentenced to up to three years in prison and barred from practicing medicine for up to five years.The silence surrounding abortion in Andorra creates uncertainty over what, exactly, is legal.Potential legal repercussions can easily be avoided — it’s only a short distance to France or Spain, where the treatment is legal — but the stigma attached to the procedure is high. In some cases, women lose their jobs if their decision is made public.“There’s a lot of fear,” said Vanessa Mendoza Cortés, whose feminist activist group Stop Violències is spearheading efforts not only to legalize abortion, but to shift the conversation around women’s reproductive rights.Breaking the long-held taboo is no easy feat in a country that is ruled — literally, Mendoza pointed out — by the Catholic Church, and is unaccustomed to grassroots organizing. According to Eric Jover, a spokesperson for the Andorran government, giving advice is fine — but actively promoting and advocating abortion is not.Opponents of the push to legalize abortion say their resistance is not motivated only by tradition and religion — the effort could threaten the stability of the country itself.Last year in Andorra, 60 people marched on International Safe Abortion day; this year, a march in support of women’s rights drew some 500 people.While Andorra’s parliament makes laws, they must be signed off by one of its two co-princes before they can go into effect.The French president has been reticent to make a statement on whether Andorra should legalize abortion, even if he has “always defended the right of women to their own bodies,” as he said on a visit to Andorra last month.The bishop, meanwhile, has made it clear he will not green-light any new abortion law passed by the government — and would resign if Macron were to approve it in his stead. In a general election earlier this year, every major party took a public position on abortion. The governing party, Demòcrates per Andorra, for example, has pledged to create a support system for women who leave the country to receive abortions — a proposal activists and liberal lawmakers have slammed as hypocritical.“The government says, ‘This is a crime, but don’t worry about it we’ll help you do it another place,’” said Rosa Gili, a member of the Social Democratic party in the Andorran parliament.Many credit the massive turnout at last year’s International Women’s Day marches in Spain for inspiring Andorran women to stage their own protests.Still, things are moving. Last year, the country’s health ministry made emergency contraception available without a prescription — a move activists considered a major victory.Many credit the massive turnout at last year’s International Women’s Day marches in Spain for inspiring Andorran women to stage their own protests. In March this year, hundreds of Spanish women traveled Andorra to lend their support to their demonstration.For Mendoza, the heated debate is also personal. “The best thing,” said Vicky Moreno, from Vilanova i la Geltrú, “would be for the church to go off into the mountain.”Meg Bernhard is a freelance journalist based in Brussels and Barcelona. Also On POLITICO Late attempt to halt decriminalization of abortion in N. Ireland fails By Ashleigh Furlong Abortion debate goes mainstream in Malta By Jillian Deutsch She’s been called a “feminazi” and received death threats. Once, a commentator wrote to her, “You’ll know what it means to abort when they rape you.”But Mendoza maintains it’s a fight worth fighting. After the meeting she held with activists, the group joined some 200 people at a nearby park, where they waited to begin a two-hour march into the capital, Andorra la Vella.A general view of Andorra la Vella, Andorra | David Ramos/Getty ImagesA few dozen had come by bus from Barcelona to offer support. “From the outside, you can’t see what’s happening in Andorra,” said Remedios Merchan, an activist from Mataró.Make noise, be seen, don’t get hit by cars, Mendoza instructed the activists through her megaphone. The women headed down the highway in a sea of purple — the color of the abortion rights movement — shouting “If the pope were a woman, abortion would be legal” and “join the cause!”As night fell on the outskirts of Andorra la Vella, the protesters stopped by a Catholic Church where worshippers were attending Saturday evening mass.They leaned a white cross reading “Get out of our ovaries” against a stone pillar and tossed clothes hangers — each bearing the name of a woman who died from a clandestine abortion, not just in Andorra but around the world — on the ground. What would happen next is hard to predict, but abortion opponents say the standoff would tip the country into a constitutional crisis.“You can’t have legalization about abortion thinking that it wouldn’t have secondary effects on our constitutional model,” said Jover, the government spokesperson.“If the Andorran people decided that the elements associated with the abortion law are more important than our institutional elements … it could be done, but we would have to change our institutional model.” * * *The fledgling women’s rights movement doesn’t yet boast big numbers. Last year, 60 people marched on International Safe Abortion day; this year, a march in support of women’s rights drew some 500 people.But in the micro-state of only 77,000 people, their efforts have been loud enough to put the issue on the national agenda.
Shami ChakrabartiThe Bar Council also warned against the government’s ‘drip feed’ approach – a phrase adopted by Labour’s Lady Chakrabarti (Shami Chakrabarti0 in the Lords debate – by introducing bills at different stages. This, it was claimed, makes it more difficult to scrutinise the overall aims of the reform programme, which includes provision for an online court.Chakrabarti, the shadow attorney general, said: ‘Without limits on who can be authorised and what powers can be given to authorised persons, this delegation has the potential, as currently drafted, to change the essential nature of our justice system. This is a wafer-thin bill which, on its face, is apparently uncontroversial. However, it is the beginning of the fulfilment of a further ambitious programme. The government appear to be testing the waters for more controversial court reforms and it is vital that we understand the limited provisions in the bill in the context of that broader agenda of reforms and devastating cuts.’Lord Keen of Elie, the justice minister, said the bill will allow ‘suitably qualified and experienced’ staff to handle uncontroversial, straightforward matters under judicial supervision.He added: ‘Modernisation must ensure that the judiciary and staff who work in our courts and tribunals are empowered to deliver smooth and efficient justice. We have a world-class judiciary, and through the bill we want to enable it to continue to deploy its time and expertise where and when it is most needed.’ The first signs of criticism emerged this week of the opening legislative move in the government’s court reforms.The Courts and Tribunals (Judiciary and Functions of Staff) passed its second reading in the House of Lords yesterday and is expected to reach committee stage before the summer recess. Delegating judicial functions to court staff, the bill is deliberately narrow in scope and should be the first in a series of pieces of legislation to replicate the aborted Prisons and Courts Bill last year.The Bar Council said it had ‘major reservations’ about what was included in the bill, including that the limited scrutiny of how judicial functions are being carried out and how the relocation of case management functions will work in practice.In its briefing note, the barristers’ representative said without clear limits on the expanded role of ‘authorised staff’ the bill has the potential to create a ‘fundamental shift’ in the nature of UK justice.The note added: ‘Our adversarial system requires independent judges. This is not compatible with a system in which decisions are routinely made by individuals, including those at a relatively junior level, who are directly employed by the government, and who are not subject to the training, experience, ethos and oaths of professional judges.’It also raised concerns about the qualifications expected of authorized staff, with nothing on the bill to stipulate legal experience.#*#*Show Fullscreen*#*#